The Sailfin Tang (Zebrasoma veliferum) is a marine reef tang in the fish family Acanthuridae They may live at water depths of 1 – 60 m (3 – 200 ft) or more The fish grow to a maximum length of 40 cm (15.8 in) Zebrasoma veliferum has an extensive range throughout Oceania, the Indian Ocean, and the South Pacific
Zebrasoma veliferum is a popular fish in the aquarium trade They are herbivorous fish specializing in filamentous algae Though their skin is light beige with stripes, it can turn dark brown under stress
Size and appearance: This species is one of the largest members of the genus Zebrasoma The largest scientifically measured Sailfin tang was 40.0 cm / 15.7 in The body if the Sailfin tang is disc-shaped with a much elevated dorsal fin and a big anal fin
It has an extended snout Compared to the other members of the genus Zebrasoma, the Sailfin tang has larger but fewer pharyngeal teeth On each side of the caudal peduncle, there is a single sharp spine (the so called scalpel) which is used for defence and to establish dominance
When the fish is not using its scalpel, it will be folded down inside a groove The Sailfin tang is decorated with broad pale yellow bands that alternate with darker bands over the body The bending extends into both dorsal and anal fins
On the darker bands, you can see yellow dots and stripes The caudal fin is yellow The head of the fish is white and adorned with yellow dots
A dark band with yellow dots runs through the eye and another dark band with dots is located right behind the eye.
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