The Masked Julie Julidochromis transcriptus was described by Matthes in 1959 They are found in the north western part of Lake Tanganyika in Africa, between Luhanga and Makabola This species is listed on the IUCN Red List as Lease Concern (LC) Although it is endemic to Lake Malawi, it is widespread in the northern part of the lake and has no recognized threats at present.Another common name this fish is known by is the Black and White Julie
There are a number of geographical variants These color morphs are often named for the area where they come from These include the popular Julidochromis transcriptus "Gombe" as well as"Bemba", "Korosha", "Kissi", "Kolombo", "Luhanga", "Kisonso", "Kapampa", "Katoto", and "'Kalemie" to name a few.The Julidochromis genus is a small group of cichlids in Lake Tanganyika with about 5 described species and a number of variants or possible subspecies
They are commonly known as "Julies" in the aquarium hobby They are small to mid-sized cichlids with elongated torpedo shaped bodies Their coloration is a yellow or whitish background with either black horizontal stripes or a checkerboard pattern
They inhabit rocky areas and mostly form monogamous pairs, though pairs can be broken with the smaller fish being driven off or even killed These fish are secretive bi-parental substrate spawners, mostly spawning in caves or crevices in the rocks They are very territorial, but as parents, after a week or two they generally will neither protect nor attack their young, but small fry still gain protection by residing within their parents territory.This genus is one of the smallest groups in the tribe Lamprologini
The Lamprologini tribe contains seven genera and nearly 100 species of African Cichlids, most of which are found in Lake Tanganyika The Lamprologini cichlids are highly variable and are found in all kinds of habitats They are found both at the surface and in very deep waters, but all species are substrate spawners
Like other genus in the tribe, the julidochromis will mate with females of other Lamprologini.These cichlids are found along the rocky coastlines at depths between 15 - 80 feet (5.6 - 24 m) They are found singly and are territorial They feed on zooplankton and benthic invertebrates found in the algae growth in the wild.
- Scientific Name: Julidochromis transcriptus
- Social Grouping: Solitary - They are a solitary species, pairing up when spawning.
- IUCN Red List: LC - Least Concern